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Nicolas Sanson

Nicolas Sanson


Nicholas Sanson (1600-1667) is considered the father of French cartography in its golden age from the mid-seventeenth century to the mid-eighteenth. Over the course of his career he produced over 300 maps; they are known for their clean style and extensive research. Sanson was largely responsible for beginning the shift of cartographic production and excellence from Amsterdam to Paris in the later-seventeenth century.

Sanson was born in Abbeville in Picardy. He made his first map at age twenty, a wall map of ancient Gaul. Upon moving to Paris, he gained the attention of Cardinal Richelieu, who made an introduction of Sanson to King Louis XIII. This led to Sanson's tutoring of the king and the granting of the title ingenieur-geographe du roi.

His success can be chalked up to his geographic and research skills, but also to his partnership with Pierre Mariette. Early in his career, Sanson worked primarily with the publisher Melchior Tavernier. Mariette purchased Tavernier’s business in 1644. Sanson worked with Mariette until 1657, when the latter died. Mariette’s son, also Pierre, helped to publish the Cartes générales de toutes les parties du monde (1658), Sanson' atlas and the first French world atlas.



1

1656 - Le Pérou et le cours de la rivière Amazone... 1656

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Finely colored example of Sanson's 1656 double-page engraved map of Peru, extending from the Pacific to the mouth of the Amazon River and tracking the Amazon to its sources in the Andes. A massive mythical Lake Parime is shown. The Rio Paraguay o di...


2

1656 - Le Bresil, dont la Coste est possedee par les portugais et divisee en Quatorz Capitaineries . . . 1656

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Fine old color example of this early regional map of Brazil, extending from the Amazon to the area just South of Rio de Janeiro and extending west to Tapuaguazo and Lago de R. los Xarayes. The map is colored according to the 14 Captaincies of Brazil,...


3

1667 - Brasil, waar van de Kustdoor de Portugeezen bezeten, en in veertigien Hoostgebieden verdeelt word . . .

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Antique Map of Brazil from the mid-17th Century Dutch edition of Sanson's important early regional map of Brazil, extending from the Amazon to the area just South of Rio de Janeiro and extending west to Tapuaguazo and Lago de R. los Xarayes. The map...


4

1656 - Partie de Terre Ferme ou sont Guiane et Caribane. Augmentée et Corrigée suivant les dernières Relations... 1656

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El Dorado Shown on Lake Parime -- Fine Old Color Example Terrific early regional map of the Northeastern part of South America, extending from Trinidad and Margarita Islands in the north to the mouth of the Amazon and Lac Caribes or Parime. The map...


5

1668 - Le Paraguay Tire des Relations les plus Recentes . . . 1668

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Rare map of the region around the Rio de la Plata, which is shown extending north to Lago de los Xarayes. Extends north on the coast to S. Vicente, Conception and Parnaiba, South to C.S. Antonio and Buenos Ayres and west to Chile. One of the most...


6

1663 - Peru en de loop van den Amazoonstroom . . .

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Dutch edition of Sanson's map of Peru and the Amazon region, showing the extensive rivers and tributaries which extend to the Andies, along with the rich details of the mountainous regions of Peru, then the most affluent of all of the Early Spanish...


7

1651 - L'Europe Par le Sr Sanson d'Abbeville. . .

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Nicolas Sanson's circa 1651 double-page engraved map of Europe, a super example of the 17th century French School of mapmaking. The aesthetics of the map are characteristic of Sanson; it utilizes attractive typography and a well-engraved cartouche, in...


8

1641 - Britannicae insulae, in quibus Albium..., Iverni... tum et Orcades, Ebudes, Cassiterides... 1641

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The British Isles in Roman Times Nice example of the Tavernier-Sanson map of the British Isles, published in Paris. The map illustrates the British Isles during the Romano-British Period, prior to the decline of Rome's control over the region.


9

1658 - Carte Generale des Royaume D'Angleterre Escosse et Irlande Avecq les Isles circonnuisines Conues toutes Soubs le nom Britaniques . . . 1658

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Nicolas Sanson's 1658 double-page engraved map of the British Isles, engraved by Melchior Tavernier and published by Pierre Mariette. Nice example of Sanson's first map of the British Isles. The distortion of lreland and the condensed size of Scotland...


10

1658 - Ancien Royaume de Northumberland aujourdhuy Provinces de Nort ou sont les Comtes de Northumberland, Cumberland, Durham, Westmorland Lancaster, et Yorck.

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Nicolas Sanson's double-page engraved map of northern England, focusing on Northumberland. The map was published in Paris in 1658. The map features an impressive cartouche of horses and putti.


11

1648 - Provinces unies des Pays Bas. Par N. Sanson d'Abbeville... 1648

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Nicholas Sanson's 1648 double-page engraved map of the Netherlands.


12

1648 - Les suisses, les alliés des suisses et leurs sujets... 1648

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Nicolas Sanson's 1648 double-page engraved map of Switzerland. The map extends from Anneci, Aosta, Lago Magiore, Lago Como and Bergamo in the south to Brisgow, Friburg, Lake Constance and Landsburg in the north. Centered on Lucerne.


13

1641 - Carte des rivières de la France, curieusement recherchée par Nicolas Sanson... 1641

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Nice example of Sanson's 1641 double-page engraved map of the rivers of France. Nicolas Sanson (1600-1667) sometimes called Nicolas Sanson d'Abbeville or Sanson d'Abbeville, was the most important French cartographer of the 17th century. Tooley...


14

1648 - Palatinat du Rhein, Alsace, et Partie de Souabe, de Franconie, et

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Nice old hand-color example of Sanson's 1641 double-page engraved map of the Rhineland and Alsace. Nicolas Sanson (1600-1667) sometimes called Nicolas Sanson d'Abbeville or Sanson d'Abbeville, was the most important French cartographer of the 17th...


15

1648 - Estats de la succession de Cleves et Iuliers, archeveschés et eslectorats de Mayence, Treves et Cologne, la Hesse, la Wetteravie et partie de Franconie, de Westphalie... 1648.

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Nice old hand-color example of Sanson's 1641 double-page engraved map of the Duchy of Cleves. Nicolas Sanson (1600-1667) sometimes called Nicolas Sanson d'Abbeville or Sanson d'Abbeville, was the most important French cartographer of the 17th century....


16

1657 - France

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Fine old color example of this finely engraved map of France, first published by Nicholas Sanson in 1654. Sanson was the Royal Geographer to the King of France and perhaps the most important commercial mapmaker of his generation.