Daniel Ross

Daniel Ross

Daniel Ross (1780-1849) was a renowned marine surveyor in the service of the East India Company. His precision and skill were lauded by contemporaries, including those at the Royal Navy’s Hydrographic Office, and he was known as “the Father of the Indian Surveys.”

Ross’ mother was a freed slave from Jamaica. He was the illegitimate son of a Jamaican merchant, Hercules Ross. At 15, Daniel joined the Bombay Marine and quickly gained a reputation for being clever and studious.

From 1806, Ross was employed in surveys of the coast of China, including the Boahi Sea and Guangdong. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1822 and, a year later, appointed Marine Surveyor General at Calcutta (Kolkata). Between 1823 and 1833 he superintended the surveying of the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf.

Ross held the position of Marine Surveyor General until his resignation in 1833, when he retired to Bombay (Mumbai). There he served as President of the Geographical Society of Bombay from 1838 and, upon his retirement due to ill health in 1849, Honorary President. He was also a pioneer in nascent science of tidology, playing a role in the publication of the first tide tables 1833.


1815 - [Manuscript] Chart of the passage to the East of Banka laid down from Observations in the Ship Vansittart, by Cap. Lestock Wilson (locating famous ship wrecks in the Gaspar Strait!)

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Manuscript Sea Chart By Daniel Ross, Locating Numerous Shipwrecks in the Gaspar Strait Extremely rare chart of the strait on the east side of Banka (between Banka and Gaspar Island), site of a number of British, Chinese, Portuguese and American...


1819 - Plan of the Channel between Sumatra and Lucepara Island Surveyed by D. Ross Commander in the H.C. Marine. 1818. Drawn by M. Houghton. Engraved by John Bateman

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One of the Earliest Maps Lithographed in India -- From the "Father of the Indian Surveys" Extremely rare chart of the area between Sumatra and Lucepara Island, as surveyed by Captain Daniel Ross, one of the most prolific chart makers of his time....


1806 - A Plan of the Soundings from Pulo Aor to the Southward and outside of the Reef off Point Romania towards the entrance of Sincapour Strait. with the Land adjacent and the relative positions of the Hills, &c. . . . 1818

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Horsburgh & Ross's Chart of Eastern Part of Singapore Strait Rare early sea chart of the Easternmost part of Singapore Strait, showing the area between Singapore, the southwestern tip of Malaysia, Bintan Island and Batam Island, published in...