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One of the Earliest Maps To Show The Philippines
A fine example of the rare first edition of Gerard De Jode's map of Asia, which was both separately issued and included in his highly valuable Speculum Orbis Terrae.
Engraved by Joannes and Lucas Van Deutecum, De Jode's map is among the most important commercial atlas maps of Asia published in the 16th Century and among the rarest.
The map shows one of the earliest obtainable depictions of the Philippines, which are not yet collectively named, although many individual islands are named. De Jode's map predates Ortelius's map of China (1584) and Kaerius's map of the Philippines (1598).
Singapore is labelled "Cinapura".
There is no sign of Korea and the shape of Japan is quite unusual.
There are a profusion of placenames in China, for instance Canton is labelled.
The Straits of Anian separate America from Asia, with a wide open Northeast Passage extending toward the Mare Cronium quod Amachium vocant. The map features a large conjectural land mass roughly reflecting Alaska -- it includes the mythical towns of Tucano, Quivira, and Tiguex.
This map of Asia is particularly rare because it appears only as a separately published map and in the very rare first edition of the Speculum. De Jode describes this map as new, as he extended the map westward from Ortelius' delineation to include Persia and Arabia. This is one of the earliest works to delineate the Northwest Coast of America.
Gerard De Jode (1509-1591) was a pre-eminent mapmaker in the late seventeenth century, a time when the Dutch dominated the map trade. He was known for his many maps, some of which featured in Speculum Orbis Terrae (first edition Antwerp: 1578). Although never as successful as Ortelius’ Theatrum, the Speculum did get republished in a second edition in 1593, two years after De Jode’s death, by Arnold Coninx, and included this map. After his death, Gerard’s son, Cornelis (1568-1600), and his wife, Paschina, ran the shop. Unfortunately, Cornelis died young in 1600, aged only 32, and the stock and plates were sold to the publisher Joan Baptista Vrients.
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