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1581. Bergen Op Zoom

  • Bergen Op Zoom

Map size in jpg-format: 1.02007MiB

Download "Bergen Op Zoom", in high resolution.

Bergen Op Zoom information:

Year of creation: 
Resolution size (pixels): 
 1947x1712 px
Disk Size: 
 1.02007MiB
Number of pages: 
 1
Place: 
 Cologne

Print information. Print size (Width x height in inches):
Printing at 72 dpi 
  27.04 х 23.78
Printing at 150 dpi 
 12.98 х 11.41
Printing at 300 dpi 
 6.49 х 5.71

Fine early birds-eye view of Bergen Op Zoom.

From Braun & Hogenberg's Civitatus Orbis Terrarum, the most important book of town plans and views published in the 16th century.

The verso translates as follows:

Bergen is a beautiful and very well-built town that lies on a small hill in the western part of Brabant, so close to the sea that it could also be called a coastal town. It still has a sizeable population but was much wealthier in earlier times, when the large annual fairs that brought it many benefits and freedoms were still held there.

Bergen op Zoom was formed in the Middle Ages from three small settlements on the Oosterschelde. The town was officially chartered in 1347 The town plan features three market squares, namely the main market, the fish market and the corn market. Also prominent in the circular historical center is the basilica of Sint-Lambert. With its harbour (left) and fairs, the former fishing village of Bergen op Zoom rivalled Antwerp, situated to the south, as an important center of trade up to the beginning of the 16th century. Not until flooding in the hinterland and the Eighty Years' War (1568-1648) did the town go into decline. In 1577, as part of the Dutch Revolt, Bergen op Zoom was taken by the Dutch and successfully defended multiple times against attempts to recapture it by Spanish troops.

Georg Braun (1541-1622) was born and died in Cologne. His primary vocation was as Catholic cleric; he spent thirty-seven years as canon and dean at the church St. Maria ad Gradus, in Cologne. Braun was the chief editor of the Civitates orbis terrarum, the greatest book of town views ever published.  His job entailed hiring artists, acquiring source material for the maps and views, and writing the text. In this role, he was assisted by Abraham Ortelius. Braun lived into his 80s, and he was the only member of the original team to witness the publication of the sixth volume in 1617.


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Item information:

Year of creation:
Size:
1947x1712 px
Disk:
1.02007MiB
Number of pages:
1
Place:
Cologne
Author:
Georg Braun. Frans Hogenberg.
$9.99

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