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1784. Carte Des Etats-Unis De L'Amerique Suivant le Traite de Paix de 1783. Dediee et Presentee A.S. Excellence M. Benjamin Franklin Ministre Pleinipotentaire des Etats-Unis. . . Ancien President de la Pensilvanie et de la Societe Philosophique de Philadelphie

  • Carte Des Etats-Unis De L'Amerique Suivant le Traite de Paix de 1783. Dediee et Presentee A.S. Excellence M. Benjamin Franklin Ministre Pleinipotentaire des Etats-Unis. . . Ancien President de la Pensilvanie et de la Societe Philosophique de Philadelphie

Carte Des Etats-Unis De L'Amerique Suivant le Traite de Paix de 1783. Dediee et Presentee A.S. Excellence M. Benjamin Franklin Ministre Pleinipotentaire des Etats-Unis. . . Ancien President de la Pensilvanie et de la Societe Philosophique de Philadelphie information:

Year of creation: 
Resolution size (pixels): 
 25183x15331 px
Disk Size: 
 85.9279MiB
Number of pages: 
 1
Place: 
 Paris
Author: 

Print information. Print size (Width x height in inches):
Printing at 72 dpi 
  349.76 х 212.93
Printing at 150 dpi 
 167.89 х 102.21
Printing at 300 dpi 
 83.94 х 51.1

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Carte Des Etats-Unis De L'Amerique Suivant le Traite de Paix de 1783. Dediee et Presentee A.S. Excellence M. Benjamin Franklin Ministre Pleinipotentaire des Etats-Unis. . . Ancien President de la Pensilvanie et de la Societe Philosophique de Philadelphie

Dedicated to Benjamin Franklin -- The First Map of The United States Published After Ratification of the Treaty of Paris

Lattre's map of the United States appeared in June 1784, just two months after the United States gained official independence through the final ratification of the Treaty of Paris by the United States (February 1784) and Great Britain (April 1784). It was in fact the first map of the nation published after ratification, by which the independence of the United States gained official status . John Wallis's map, often cited as the first map of the new United States, was published in London before the final Treaty was signed by the negotiators and thus shows the United States and its boundaries only in their proposed form. Abel Buell's map of April 1784 was the first of the United States published in America. It appeared after the ratification of the Treaty by the United States, but before final ratification by Britain.

Ristow wrote that the map "is one of the most attractively designed and executed maps of the period and reflects the talent and skill of the artist-cartographer." The map was dedicated to Benjamin Franklin, a well-known figure at the Paris peace conference, and ambassador to France. Title and dedication are cleverly placed on the unfurled sail of a ship which makes for a memorable and handsome cartouche. ref: Cappon, The First French Map of the United States; Ristow, American Maps, p. 63."

The present example includes two side panels, providing a contemporary account of the American Revolution to the French Public, shortly after the conclusion of the war with Britain and treaty of peace in Paris.

Of additional note, one of the Medallions in the sail is the earliest appearance of the seal of the Order of Cincinnatus and the official seal of the United States with E Pluribus Unum as one of the earliest printed examples of the Official Seal of the United States.

In addition to being the first French map to recognize the newly formed United States, of particular note is the dedication to Benjamin Franklin, who is noted as Ambassador to France, delegate to the treaty negotiations and member of the Philosophical Society of Pennsylvania.

The map shows the region from Newfoundland to a northern Florida and west to beyond the Mississippi. Pennsylvania has an irregular western boundary and extends past Lake Erie in the north. The map provides a detailed treatment of the Indian Nations and River systems east of the Mississippi, along with a number of Forts and several French Missions in the Trans-Appalachian West. There is an inset of Florida (shown as an archipelago), with an ornate cartouche.

While originally thought to exist in only a single state, we have now identified the following 3 states, the first of which has a slightly different title, which includes a credit to Franklin as Ancien Président de Pensilvanie. This line was altered in the second state of the map to read anc. Présid. de la conventió de Pensilvanie, a reference to Franklin's role as president of the Pennsylvania constitutional convention of 1776, and I think a correction probably made at Franklin's request.

Map States

The map is known in the following states:

  • 1784 First State--lacking table of 13 colonies and including text panels
  • 1784 Second State--with table of colonies and text panels
  • 1791 circa-Delamarche acquires the plate and adds his imprint. Text panels removed and additional states named, including Vermont and Washington DC.

Rarity

The map survives in only relatively small number of examples and was of sufficient importance that it has been included in a facsimile edition published by the Donnelly Company in the Norman T. Leventhal Collection of the Boston Public Library.

Cappon, The First French Map of the United States; Ristow, American Maps p 63; McCorkle #784.10; Sellers & van Ee #750; Pritchard & Taliaferro #70.

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Item information:

Year of creation:
Size:
25183x15331 px
Disk:
85.9279MiB
Number of pages:
1
Place:
Paris
Author:
Jean Lattré.
$21.99

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