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1617. Moscovia Urbs Metropolis Totius Russia Albae

  • Moscovia Urbs Metropolis Totius Russia Albae

Moscovia Urbs Metropolis Totius Russia Albae information:

Year of creation: 
Resolution size (pixels): 
 6592x5242 px
Disk Size: 
 7.56499MiB
Number of pages: 
 1
Place: 
 Cologne

Print information. Print size (Width x height in inches):
Printing at 72 dpi 
  91.56 х 72.81
Printing at 150 dpi 
 43.95 х 34.95
Printing at 300 dpi 
 21.97 х 17.47

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Moscovia Urbs Metropolis Totius Russia Albae

Finely colored example of Braun & Hogenberg's Plan of Moscow.

This decorative and detailed plan of Moscow (Moskva) appeared in volume 6 of Braun & Hogenberg's of the Civitatus Orbis Theatrum. Because first appeared in 1617 in the final volume of this great work, it is far rarer than Braun & Hogenberg's first plan of Moscow, which was first issued in 1575. /gallery/detail/33973 /gallery/detail/33663

The map is believed to be derived from a Russian survey prepared at the orders of Boris Fyodorovich Godunov (c. 1551-1605), Czar of Muscovy from 1598 onward, and was probably prepared prior to 1630. The original Russian plan has apparently not survived, and Braun & Hogenberg may have used a copy made in 1610 for King Sigismund III of Poland.

The plan shows the old city which surrounds the Kremlin and the Kitai Gorod or Fortified City. The name Kremlin first appeared as Kreml' (or High Town) in an account of the fire in the town in 1331. It was founded in 1147 at the junction of two rivers, the Moskva and the Neglinnaya. As Moscow grew, the Kremlin became the royal, religious and secular heart of the city. Until Czar Peter I transferred his seat of government to his new city of St Petersburg in 1713, it was the capital city. beyond the walls of Kitai Gorod, another section grew up, called Belgorod or White City, which was in 1584 after the death of Czar Ivan the Terrible with a wall which spanned 6 miles and included 28 towers.

Georg Braun (1541-1622) was born and died in Cologne. His primary vocation was as Catholic cleric; he spent thirty-seven years as canon and dean at the church St. Maria ad Gradus, in Cologne. Braun was the chief editor of the Civitates orbis terrarum, the greatest book of town views ever published.  His job entailed hiring artists, acquiring source material for the maps and views, and writing the text. In this role, he was assisted by Abraham Ortelius. Braun lived into his 80s, and he was the only member of the original team to witness the publication of the sixth volume in 1617.


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Item information:

Year of creation:
Size:
6592x5242 px
Disk:
7.56499MiB
Number of pages:
1
Place:
Cologne
Author:
Georg Braun. Frans Hogenberg.
$14.99

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