logo

1794. Plan of the Port of Rhio on the Island of Bintang in the Straits of Sincapore . . .

  • Plan of the Port of Rhio on the Island of Bintang in the Straits of Sincapore . . .

Plan of the Port of Rhio on the Island of Bintang in the Straits of Sincapore . . . information:

Year of creation: 
Resolution size (pixels): 
 3456x4303 px
Disk Size: 
 1.94184MiB
Number of pages: 
 1
Place: 
 London

Print information. Print size (Width x height in inches):
Printing at 72 dpi 
  48 х 59.76
Printing at 150 dpi 
 23.04 х 28.69
Printing at 300 dpi 
 11.52 х 14.34

An example of detailing the file of this map of in a printable high-resolution:

Click to open in high resolution (open in new tab).
Attention! this is just the central piece (central area 960x960 px) of the map file!
This is an example, so that you can see and study the level of detail of a given map. The entire Map will be fully available after payment!

Plan of the Port of Rhio on the Island of Bintang in the Straits of Sincapore . . .

A fine large format 18th-century sea chart of Bintan and Batam Islands, Indonesia, located on the Singapore Straits, published by the firm of Laurie & Whittle.

Bintan Island (formerly known as Bintang) and the adjacent island of Batam (Bataam) are part of the Riau (Rhio) Archipelago, strategically located along the southern edge of the Singapore Straits, the busiest passage linking the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The islands are today one of Southeast Asia's most favored resort destinations; being located only a 45-minute boat ride from Singapore.

Since the 3rd-century A.D. the island's main harbor, 'Rhio' (now Bintang Bay), the focus of the present chart, had been a major trading port. From about 1200 to 1500, it was the main base of the Malay pirates who prayed on shipping in the straits. Following the fall of Malacca to the Portuguese in 1511, Bintan became the capital of the great Johor Sultinate. During the 18th-century, when this chart was made, Bintan and the Riau Archipelago were under British influence, although the sultan still ran day-to-day affairs. The area would not became part of the Dutch East Indies until the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824.

The chart presents a very highly detailed hydrographic survey of Bintan Bay, and depicts the tracks of the vessels that mapped the harbor in the 1750s. Interestingly, it also features several socio-demographic details around the town of Rhio, including the labeling of the 'King's [Sultan's] Palace', the 'Chinese compound', the 'Malay Compound', and the 'Fishing Town' (inhabited by the Bugis). The 'Fishing Village' on Batam is also depicted.

The present chart was published by Laurie & Whittle in their East India Pilot. The chart is rare, and we are not aware of any examples of the separate chart appearing in dealer's catalogs or at auction during the last 25 years.

Richard Holmes Laurie (1777-1858) was the son of mezzotint engraver Robert Laurie, who had taken over Robert Sayer's publishing house with James Whittle in 1794. Richard Holmes Laurie joined in a partnership with Whittle when his father retired in 1812. The name of the firm then switched from Laurie & Whittle to Whittle & Laurie. Whittle died in 1818, leaving Richard Holmes to continue publishing alone as R. H. Laurie.

When the Hydrographic Office opened in 1795, it was tasked with creating and producing all the nautical charts for the Royal Navy so as to wean the Navy off dependence on foreign charts. By the 1820s, private publishers were augmenting HO charts and competing with them, including Richard Holmes Laurie. Richard gave up publishing anything except nautical materials by 1830. He also sold charts to Trinity House, the lighthouse and maritime safety fraternity. He died in 1858. 

The firm continued to print under the name R.H. Laurie even after 1858. Later, the firm was managed by Laurie’s draughtsman, Alexander George Findlay, and, later, Daniel and William Kettle.


Special conditions for students!

If you are a student, write to us in telegram: @antiquemaps and indicate what material you need and for what work you need a map in high detail. We are ready to provide material on special terms. For students only!

Item information:

Year of creation:
Size:
3456x4303 px
Disk:
1.94184MiB
Number of pages:
1
Place:
London
Author:
Richard Holmes Laurie. James Whittle.
$14.99

Related item